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Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 25  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 189-190

Gastroduodenal bezoar with duodenal web: A rare association

1 Paediatric Surgery Unit, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College and Hospital, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of General Surgery, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College and Hospital, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India
3 Department of Pediatrics, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College and Hospital, Ajmer, Rajasthan, India

Date of Submission07-Mar-2019
Date of Decision16-Mar-2019
Date of Acceptance28-Sep-2019
Date of Web Publication11-Apr-2020

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Garima Arora
Paediatric Surgery Unit, Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College and Hospital, Ajmer . 305 001, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_48_18

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How to cite this article:
Arora G, Choudary R, Karnavat BS. Gastroduodenal bezoar with duodenal web: A rare association. J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg 2020;25:189-90

How to cite this URL:
Arora G, Choudary R, Karnavat BS. Gastroduodenal bezoar with duodenal web: A rare association. J Indian Assoc Pediatr Surg [serial online] 2020 [cited 2022 Jan 25];25:189-90. Available from: https://www.jiaps.com/text.asp?2020/25/3/189/282157


Stomach is the most common site for bezoar formation, although it has been reported from other locations, including esophagus, small intestine, and large intestine.[1],[2] Duodenal bezoars, however, are rare, usually reported in adults post gastric surgery.[3]

A 2-year-old female child presented to us, with complaints of an abdominal mass of 6 months' duration and vomiting off and on for 1 month. On examination, the patient had a palpable lump in the right hypochondrium below the liver. The lump was firm in consistency and appeared to contain sand-like contents which slipped on palpation. The patient had presented to us with a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which was suggestive of a grossly distended stomach and the 1st part of the duodenum filled with multiple foci of signal void. There was a suggestion of gastroduodenal bezoar. A history of swallowing “Ber (jujube) seeds, was then elicited. On palpation also, some round, seed-like foreign bodies were palpated, which we could correlate with the intake of “Ber seeds. Duodenal bezoars are rarely reported; therefore, the diagnosis alerted us. We suspected a secondary pathology, which was not clear on MRI; a barium meal follow-through was thus ordered, which revealed a distended stomach and the 1st part of the duodenum with filling defects. The duodenum was grossly dilated, almost as big if not more than the stomach. Streaky passage of contrast was seen beyond suggestive of duodenal stenosis/stricture/web [Figure 1].
Figure 1: Barium meal, dilated duodenum, with filling defects in stomach and duodenum. Streaking of contrast beyond D1

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The patient was taken for surgery. The stomach and duodenum were grossly enlarged [Figure 2]a. A duodenotomy was done in the proximal dilated part (D1) of the duodenum [Figure 2]b. The “Ber seeds had formed a hard mass, required breaking, and were removed piecemeal; once the duodenum was evacuated, the seeds were milked from the stomach into the duodenum and were removed. Approximately 500 seeds were removed [Figure 2]d. A duodenal web was identified at the junction of D1–2, the difference in diameter of the two parts was evident, and the web had a hole laterally [Figure 2]c, which was probably the reason why the patient could feed without being obstructed and remained asymptomatic till 2 years of age. In the normal course of events, the swallowed seeds would have probably found their way through the colon and out, but the presence of web did not allow it, resulting in a bezoar. The web was excised, and the duodenotomy was closed. On purpose, the duodenotomy was closed longitudinally to reduce the diameter of the distended 1st part of the duodenum.
Figure 2: (a) Narrowing at the junction of D1 and D2with dilated D1. (b) ‘Ber’ seeds in the duodenum forming bezoar. (c) Duodenal web with catheter in the lateral hole of the web. (d) Approximately 500 seeds removed

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The patient had an uneventful recovery and was discharged on day 7. On 2-year follow-up, the patie nt is doing well.

The duodenal location of bezoar in our patient was due to the presence of a duodenal web. Prepared with the knowledge of a co-existing duodenal web with the bezoar, our surgical approach changed from a usually done gastrostomy and evacuation of bezoar to a duodenotomy and evacuation of bezoar. The duodenotomy was placed in a way that besides the evacuation of the bezoar, excision of the web located at the junction of D1 and D2 could be done simultaneously.

To the best of our knowledge, this is the first-ever reported case in world literature of the simultaneous occurrence of a duodenal bezoar with a duodenal web in a child. However, there were two reported cases of duodenal bezoars due to an underlying anatomical malformation in adults.[4],[5]

To conclude, the presence of bezoar in rare locations should alert a pediatric surgeon to the possibility of a secondary pathology.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form, the patient's guardian has given his consent for his child's images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patient's guardian understands that the child's name and initial will not be published, and due efforts will be made to conceal the child's identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

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Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

   References Top

Malhotra A, Jones L, Drugas G. Simultaneous gastric and small intestinal trichobezoars. Pediatr Emerg Care 2008;24:774-6.  Back to cited text no. 1
Bala M, Appelbaum L, Almogy G. Unexpected cause of large bowel obstruction: Colonic bezoar. Isr Med Assoc J 2008;10:829-30.  Back to cited text no. 2
Fan S, Wang J, Li Y. An unusual cause of duodenal obstruction: Persimmon phytobezoar. Indian J Surg 2016;78:502-4.  Back to cited text no. 3
van der Linde K, van der Linden GH, Beukers R, Cleophas TA. Food impaction in a duodenal diverticulum as an unusual cause of biliary obstruction: Case reports and review of the literature. Eur J Gastroenterol Hepatol 1997;9:635-9.  Back to cited text no. 4
Kestel W, Fischbach W, Wilhelm A. Rare cause of acute pancreatitis: Phytobezoar in an intraluminal diverticulum in type I duodenal atresia, intestinal malrotation and rudimentary pancreas anulare. Z Gastroenterol 1998;36:295-9.  Back to cited text no. 5


  [Figure 1], [Figure 2]


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