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Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
     Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
Official journal of the Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons         
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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 26  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 307-310

Evaluation of risk factors affecting outcome in outborn surgical neonates


1 Department of Pediatric Surgery, Chacha Nehru Bal Chikitsalaya, Delhi, India
2 Department of Pediatrics, Chacha Nehru Bal Chikitsalaya, Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Niyaz A Khan
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Chacha Nehru Bal Chiktsalaya, Delhi - 110 031
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jiaps.JIAPS_149_20

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Background: Mortality in surgical neonates contributes to neonatal mortality rates. The study was conceptualized to study clinical and nonclinical factors affecting mortality in surgical neonates so that timely intervention could result in improved survival of the neonates. Materials and Methods: The study was initiated after approval from the institutional ethics committee and included 120 surgical neonates over a period of 18 months after obtaining consent from the parents/caregivers. Predesigned pro forma was used to record the details of antenatal care received, place of birth, travel history, maternal education and gestational age, and clinical condition at the time of admission. Values of biochemical tests such as serum electrolytes, serum creatinine, and arterial blood gasses were recorded. The need of inotrope support, blood or blood product transfusion, and postoperative ventilator support and intensive care unit (ICU) care was recorded. The results of the two groups, i.e., survivals and mortality, were compared. Outcome was recorded as mortality at 30 days or earlier. Results: Irrespective of the surgical condition, the survival rate was significantly better in those babies who weighed more than 2.5 kg at the time of admission, had capillary refill time of <3 s, had serum ionized calcium levels more than 1 mmol/L, and did not require inotropes, blood or blood product transfusion, and postoperative ICU care and ventilator support. The place of birth, educational status of the mother, gestational age, and distance traveled for care had no statistically significant effect on survival. Conclusion: There is a statistically significant correlation between the survival of the babies who weighed more than 2.5 kg and are more physiologically preserved at the time of admission. Mortality rates can be decreased by timely interventions to reduce the need of inotropes, blood or blood products, and ICU care and ventilator support during their postoperative recovery.






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  2005 - Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow 

Online since 1st May '05