| ORIGINAL ARTICLE
|Year : 2022 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 323-328
Is ultrasound-guided transversus abdominis plane block superior to a caudal epidural or wound infiltration for intraoperative and postoperative analgesia in children undergoing unilateral infraumbilical surgery? A double-blind randomized trial
Mukesh Singh Rautela1, Ameeta Sahni2, Niti Dalal2
1 Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, Synergy Institute of Medical Sciences, Dehradun, Uttrakhand, India
2 Department of Anaesthesia and Critical Care, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India
Background and Aim: Caudal block (CB) is the standard of care in pediatric surgeries. Ultrasound (USG) transversus abdominis plane (TAP) block has also been used as an effective regional anesthesia technique. We compared the duration of postoperative and intraoperative analgesia between TAP block, CB, and local wound infiltration (LI) in children undergoing unilateral infraumbilical abdominal surgery.
Materials and Methods: One hundred and twenty children, 3–10 years old and American Society of Anesthesiologists Grade I and II, undergoing elective unilateral infraumbilical abdominal surgery were allocated to three groups. Group TAP: USG-guided TAP block with 0.5 ml/kg of 0.25% bupivacaine; Group CB: CB with 0.75 ml/kg of 0.25% bupivacaine; and Group LI: Local wound infiltration along the incision with 0.5 ml/kg of 0.25% bupivacaine. The primary outcome was the efficacy of postoperative analgesia using modified objective pain score (MOPS), and the secondary outcome was to determine intraoperative analgesia with fentanyl requirement and minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) hour of isoflurane among the three groups.
Results: The MOPS was statistically better in Group TAP compared to group CB and group LI at 8 and 24 h postoperatively. The mean ± standard deviation duration of postoperative analgesia in groups CB, LI, and TAP was 6.84 ± 0.47, 2.3 ± 1.26, and 9.78 ± 1.02 h, respectively. The intraoperative requirement of fentanyl and MAC hour was least in Group CB.
Conclusion: We found that USG-guided TAP block is a good alternative, with longer and effective postoperative analgesia compared to CB. However, the quality of intraoperative analgesia was best in group CB. Local infiltration was a poor alternative.
Dr. Niti Dalal
Department of Anaesthesia and Intensive Care, VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi - 110 023
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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