| REVIEW ARTICLE
|Year : 2022 | Volume
| Issue : 5 | Page : 517-520
Focus of pediatric surgical reports during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic: A narrative review
Karina Miura da Costa1, Thiago Elias Ferrari Khouri2, Amulya Kumar Saxena3
1 Department of Pediatric Surgery, Chelsea Children's Hospital, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Imperial College London, UK; Department of Health Sciences, Cesumar University (Unicesumar), Maringá, Paraná, Brazil
2 Department of Health Sciences, Espírito Santo Federal University, Vitória, Espírito Santo, Brazil
3 Department of Pediatric Surgery, Chelsea Children's Hospital, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Imperial College London, UK
Background: Coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic impacted surgical activity at health-care facilities and led to significant changes in the characteristics of publications in medical journals. This is a narrative review that outlines the focus of pediatric surgical reports during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic.
Methods: Publications on pediatric surgery during the pandemic were carefully reviewed, and data emerging from reports on COVID-19 were selected to address: (1) the impact of COVID-19 on pediatric surgical procedures; (2) children undergoing surgical intervention; and (3) expansion of telemedicine.
Results: Regarding surgical activity in tertiary hospitals, there was a reduction in the number of elective surgeries, with reports of an increase in complicated appendicitis and in testicular torsions with symptoms for more than 6 h. The pandemic impacted specific surgical fields, with reports on trauma, appendectomies, urology, cardiac surgery, and kidney transplant. In children positive for COVID-19 that underwent surgery, postoperative complications were more indicative of the primary surgical pathology and there were no postoperative deaths. In a report of universal screening, <1% of children had positive reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). In a report addressing telemedicine during the pandemic, it was well evaluated by both pediatric surgeons and patients' families, but most surgical departments did not provide the service.
Conclusions: The pandemic brought significant changes in surgical care. As expected, there was a reduction in elective surgeries, RT-PCR-positive children did not present worse postoperative outcomes than negative ones but there is still a paucity of data regarding COVID-19 children, and telemedicine may play an important role in health care, especially in times of social distancing.
Amulya Kumar Saxena
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Chelsea Children's Hospital, Chelsea and Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, Imperial College London
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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