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Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
     Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
Official journal of the Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons         
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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 5  |  Page : 521-527

Correlation of plasma renin activity values and resistive index on ultrasound doppler with findings of renal dynamic scan in patients with the society of fetal ultrasound grades 3 and 4 unilateral hydronephrosis

1 Department of Pediatric Surgery, Shri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara University, Dharwad, Karnataka, India
2 Department of Pediatric Surgery, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Yogesh Kumar Sarin
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jiaps.jiaps_154_21

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Background: Renal dynamic scans (RDS) despite being considered the gold standard for the diagnosis of pelvic ureteric junction obstruction (PUJO), fail to help resolve the dilemma about management issues in many patients. Multiple invasive and noninvasive methods are being studied to help the decision-making in these patients. We did this study to find correlation of plasma renin activity (PRA) values and resistive index (RI) on Doppler ultrasound with findings of RDS in patients with the Society for Fetal Urology (SFU) Grades 3 and 4 unilateral hydronephrosis (HDN) and also to determine the cut-off values of PRA and RI that could categorically acknowledge the success of pyeloplasty. Methodology: Twenty patients with SFU Grades 3 and 4 unilateral HDN due to PUJO were enrolled. Demographic details were recorded. All underwent Anderson-Hynes dismembered pyeloplasty. Based on the follow-up RDS scans, these patients could fall into one of three categories- improved (successful), status quo, or deteriorated (unsuccessful). Outcomes were compared based on RDS (split renal function [SRF]), ultrasonography, and Doppler findings were done at 3 months of postoperative period. Results: Follow up period was 3 months after Pyeloplasty. Seventeen patients had successful outcomes based on RDS findings, 12 had improvement in SRF (>5%), and 6 had normal drainage curves (t-t1/2 <10 min). Three patients had indeterminate curves (t-t1/2 between 10 to 20 min). Four had improvement on both the criteria, i.e., SRF and drainage curves. Among the three patients who showed no improvement in RDS, two were in “status quo” category and one patient showed deterioration. Seventeen patients also showed improvement in PRA and RI. No significant correlation between PRA and RI with SRF could be established. However, PRA was found to have good concordance with RDS (90%). Conclusion: No significant correlation could be demonstrated between SRF and the respective values of PRA and RI. However, PRA could act as an adjunct to predict the early success of pyeloplasty in view of good concordance with RDS. A larger trial with bigger cohort of patients is required to confirm our contention.


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  2005 - Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow 

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