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Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
     Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons
Official journal of the Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons         
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 ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 27  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 735-740

Complications and management of retained Double-J stents in children during the Coronavirus Disease-2019 pandemic


Department of Pediatric Surgery, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Vijay Kumar Kundal
Department of Pediatric Surgery, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi-110 001
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jiaps.jiaps_67_22

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Background: Double-J (DJ) stents were commonly used for internal drainage after major reconstructive procedures or in cases of obstruction and ureteral injuries. They should be removed or changed within the stipulated time; otherwise, they can lead to various complications such as stent occlusion, migration, breakage, encrustation, stone formation at either end of the stent, and entanglement of the two stents if bilateral stenting was done. The present study focuses on the complications and the management due to delay in the removal of the DJ stents due to the coronavirus disease-2019 pandemic. Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study over a period of 9 months. Children <12 years were included in the study. The patients' demographic data, indication for DJ stenting, time gap between DJ stenting and removal, complication with delay in DJ stent removal, and its management were recorded. Indwelling duration for >4 months was considered a delay in removal. All patients were followed up for 3 months. Results: A total of 10 patients were included in the study. Encrustation, proximal migration, distal migration, knotting of the stent, and entanglement of the bilateral stents in the bladder were observed. These complications were managed by various endourological procedures such as ureteroscopy, percutaneous nephroscopic, and cystoscopic removal. During follow-up, all patients were symptom-free. Conclusion: Prolonged indwelling stents can cause various complications. Endourological procedures are an essential armamentarium for a pediatric surgeon to manage these complications. Proper patient counseling regarding indwelling stents and maintaining stent registry and sending automatic messages and e-mails to patients may prevent these complications.






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  2005 - Journal of Indian Association of Pediatric Surgeons | Published by Wolters Kluwer - Medknow 

Online since 1st May '05