| ORIGINAL ARTICLE
|Year : 2023 | Volume
| Issue : 1 | Page : 54-58
Quality improvement in pediatric surgical ward rounds after implementation of checklist
TK Jayakumar, Rupesh Sikchi, Kirtikumar J Rathod, Arvind Sinha
Department of Pediatric Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India
Introduction: Using checklists has been common in high-risk industries such as aviation, space, and maritime sectors. It is routinely being used in health care also. Daily ward rounds play an essential role in patient care. Missing key details in rounds are common. Sometimes, these medical errors can lead to adverse events or mismanagement of patients. A checklist was introduced for daily ward rounds in our newly established institution. This study aims to assess the improvement in the documentation.
Materials and Methods: A checklist for ward rounds was introduced in September 2018. During the study period, between July 2017 and January 2020, 30 random case records for each of the two groups were taken. Group A (without checklist) and Group B (checklist) were compared to see the documentation of patient identification, diagnosis, operative status, fresh complaints, vitals, examination findings, charting treatment, catheters/drains/intravenous access, and urinary status/bowel movements.
Results: Sixty case records were included in the study. Comparison of documentation between Group A and Group B showed a significant difference in patient identification (50% vs. 100%), diagnosis (47% vs. 100%), operative status (33% vs. 100%), fresh complaints (76% vs. 100%), vitals (63% vs. 100%), examination findings (43% vs. 100%), charting treatment (73% vs. 100%), catheters/drains/intravenous access (10% vs. 86%), and urinary status/bowel movements (30% vs. 100%).
Conclusion: Using checklists for daily ward rounds improves documentation. It reduces the gap in communication and potential errors in patient management.
Kirtikumar J Rathod
Department of Pediatric Surgery, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, Rajasthan
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
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